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PolicyTracker spectrum newsletter April 2017

In April 2017 PolicyTracker published information regarding the "Opinion on a long-term strategy for PMSE" of the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG).

Part of this information was a brief interview to Alan March, Co-President of APWPT.


Technical solutions alone will not solve spectrum shortage, says PMSE industry association

From PolicyTracker, Apr 05, 2017 by Kane Mumford,

The Association of Professional Wireless Production Technology (APWPT) has welcomed the Radio Spectrum Policy Group’s (RSPG) decision to look into the PMSE industry’s spectrum needs but warned that technical solutions cannot be relied upon to solve pressing spectrum needs.

Franz Ziegelwanger of the Austrian Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology is leading the development of the RSPG’s official "Opinion" on PMSE.

PMSE equipment operators are already reporting a capacity crunch at large, prestigious events

He said last week that an increase in the use of PMSE equipment does not necessarily mean that spectrum use should also increase. However, he also admitted that the loss of the 700 MHz band for PMSE users was “a challenge”. This is something that PMSE users have long been trying to raise awareness of as services are moved into the 470-694 MHz range, alongside digital terrestrial TV services.

A further review of the UHF band in 2025 could mean the industry loses even more spectrum in future.

Ziegelwanger said manufacturers and users need to be more aware of tuning ranges that are already available and suggested putting information about this on the CEPT website, in addition to the information available on the ECO Frequency Information system (EFIS) website.

He said the increase of spectrum efficiency for PMSE is a key factor and there should be an incentive to continue this based on “stable spectrum which industry can focus on in the foreseeable future”.

Ziegelwanger also pointed to “a range of cognitive PMSE projects" that are currently running in Europe that aim to allow for more effective real-time use of spectrum during events.

PMSE response

Alan March of the APWPT said the PMSE community is pleased that the European Commission asked the RSPG to develop an Opinion on a mid- to long-term strategy for PMSE and is also appreciative that the RSPG accepted the request.

“The loss of access to the 700 MHz band will present serious challenges for many top-end productions and these issues need to be addressed at the highest level,” March said.

New technology is unlikely to provide succour to the industries that use PMSE in the short term, he said. “PMSE equipment operators are already reporting a capacity crunch at large, prestigious events – and this is before the 700 MHz band is declared off limits for audio PMSE. In the longer term, perhaps new technology will help. However, new technology presents regulatory and standardisation challenges that must be overcome before equipment can be placed on the market and adopted by PMSE operators.”

PMSE bands

UK regulator Ofcom has allowed the use of the 960-1164 MHz band for sharing between audio PMSE and aeronautical services, a move which the PMSE industry has welcomed. March told PolicyTracker that “at the very least, it shows that Ofcom has recognised that post-700 MHz clearance, PMSE will have significant capacity issues at mid- to large-sized events".

But with 960-1164 MHz currently only available in the UK, the economies of scale for significant manufacturing of equipment to go ahead are not yet present.

CEPT has also yet to put the band under its process, meaning it is highly unlikely that reasonable amounts of equipment in this tuning range will be on the market before the second quarter of 2020, according to March.

There are, however, two new tuning ranges for audio PMSE that have been through the CEPT process and that appear in both ERC REC 70-03, which sets out a common but non-binding European position on spectrum allocations for short-range devices, and ERC REC 25-10, which recommends sub-bands where there is a higher prospect of pan-European PMSE usage.

These are 1518-1525 MHz and 1350-1400 MHz. The latter band is available in six countries, including Germany and Austria, and it is understood that France is looking at the potential for opening up at least half of it.

March said this band could provide a long-term solution for the loss of the 700 MHz band. “Quick adoption of the 1350-1400 MHz band by administrations in particular would be extremely useful while the inevitably long discussions and studies within CEPT on 960-1164 MHz wind their course,” he said. “As for what we are looking for, simply put, it is long-term planning security for maintenance and the growth of the PMSE sector, which every citizen of the EU benefits from."

The outcome of the RSPG work is due to be presented on 9 October at European Microwave Week in Nuremberg, Germany. A public consultation will start on the draft interim RSPG opinion on PMSE in June.


Get further information via this links
1) Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG)
2) Opinion on a long-term strategy for PMSE
3) Special on PMSE in the Aircraft Radio Band
4) European Microwave Week 2017

PolicyTracker spectrum newsletter January 2017

PolicyTracker,, published information regarding Video PMSE in Sweden.

Part of this information was a brief interview to Juul Moen, the Video Expert in APWPT and our Ambassador in The Netherlands.


PMSE faces uncertain future in Sweden after 2.3 GHz auction

Jan 04, 2017 by Kane Mumford

A spokesperson for the regulator told PolicyTracker that it has not yet decided where to accommodate the 20 or so programme making and special events (PMSE) organisations currently licensed to use the band.

Swedish regulator the Post and Telecom Authority (PTS) has launched a consultation on the use of the 2.3 GHz band (2300-2400 MHz) for mobile broadband.

... if you have a company called Ericsson in your country, what do you expect?

The regulator cites "international developments and a well-developed ecosystem around the band" in support of its view that it should be made available to mobile operators.

PMSE professionals will be offered a proposed 20 MHz "transitional slot" at 2380-2400 MHz, with a "time horizon... dependent on the ability to put in place alternative spectrum for these uses," PTS said.

However, Anders Palmberg of the PTS's spectrum department told PolicyTracker that the regulator has not decided where PMSE will be able to operate if the frequency is auctioned, adding that “it is a significant amount of spectrum that will no longer be available”.

In July, European communications agency CEPT was given a mandate to study video PMSE use in the 2.7-2.9 GHz band, although there are difficulties with sharing this spectrum with radar services and also with suitable separation distances from mobile services in adjacent bands.

Other PMSE camera frequencies services being considered for mobile services in Sweden include 1375-1400 MHz, 1427-1452 MHz, 1492-1995 MHz, 2025-2045.5 MHz, 2094.5-2110 MHz, 2170-2185 MHz, 2200-2220.5 MHz and 2269.5-2290 MHz.

Palmberg said “the problem is for companies which need spectrum on a daily basis like security companies and entertainment and concert halls. With special events, as usual we try to get the spectrum wherever we can”.

Juul Moen of production facilities provider NEP Worldwide said this was a "disaster" for PMSE. "Having high power base stations and user equipment in the adjacent channel to a low power wireless camera means the 20 MHz left for PMSE is useless," he said. "But if you have a company called Ericsson in your country, what do you expect?”

PTS is also of the opinion that amateur radio services in the band should be subject to licensed shared access arrangements with new incumbents. Military and scientific use in certain geographical areas will be protected by exclusion zones, the regulator said.

Europe's PMSE industry is currently facing a significant reduction in the amount of spectrum it can access, with the reallocation by around 2020 of the 700 MHz band for mobile services now agreed by the European institutions. This includes a further option to introduce supplementary downlink in the lower UHF band.


Background information:

In 2016 CEPT agreed ERC Recommendation 25-10. This document contains a long list of frequency bands for different kinds of PMSE. This list is a guidance for European countries for national consideration of the requirements of the content and event production by operating PMSE.

APWPT presented during TMT29 further information regarding PMSE an it‘s changing Situation [585 KB]

Opinion on a long-term strategy for PMSE

(June 8, 2016)
40th meeting of RSPG agreed to a request from the European Commission for an opinion on a long-term strategy for Video and Audio PMSE

What is the RSPG (Radio Spectrum Policy Group)?
In this high-level group senior representatives from European administrations work as an advisory group to assist the European Commission in the development of radio spectrum policy.

Focus of last meeting of RSPG

Although the last RSPG meeting was focused on new 5G technology in the band 3.4 to 3.8 GHz and 700 MHz the meeting was also requested to work on developing an opinion on the required steps for a long-term strategy to secure the future of PMSE operations. The RSPG accepted this request:

Source: Stakeholder briefing session of RSPG#40 Plenary

APWPT’s background work before RSPG meeting
Over the last 8 years the APWPT and its members have represented the interests of PMSE users, PMSE supporters and PMSE manufacturers in most, if not all, of the relevant national and international working groups. This hard work was very important and has significantly contributed to the position we now find ourselves in.

Next steps?
While this is encouraging, our task now is to engage with the development of this opinion in order to ensure that once it is developed, the opinion meets the needs of our industry and not the needs of politicians and policy makers who might be working to a different agenda.

Please, let’s continue our common work towards a long-term solution for all PMSE operations.

We are interested in your thoughts and can provide further information via

Audio PMSE now considered in EWR / EEA / EEE

(Find English information below German text /
Trouvez des informations en Français au dessous des textes en Allemand et Anglais)

..... Deutsch .....

Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union L 129/42 vom 19.5.2016, / EWR-Abkommen [2016/741] veröffentlicht den Beschluss des gemeinsamen EWR-Ausschusses Nr. 58/2015 vom 20. März 2015

Artikel 1
In Anhang XI des EWR-Abkommens wird nach Nummer 5czi (Durchführungsbeschluss 2012/688/EU der Kommission) folgende Nummer eingefügt:
32014 D 0641: Durchführungsbeschluss 2014/641/EU der Kommission vom 1. September 2014 über harmonisierte technische Bedingungen für die Nutzung von Funkfrequenzen durch drahtlose PMSE-Audioausrüstungen in der Union (ABl. L 263 vom 3.9.2014, S. 29)“.

APWPT: mit diesem Beschluss wird die langfristige Planungssicherheit für PMSE verbessert – Frequenzbereiche 823 – 832 MHz & 1785 – 1805 MHz.

……… English …….

Official Journal of the European Union L 129/42 as of May 19, 2016 / EEA Agreement [2016/741] published the decision of the EEA joint Committee No 58/2015 as of 20 March 2015

Article 1
The following point is inserted after point 5czi (Commission Implementing Decision 2012/688/EU) of Annex XI to the EEA Agreement:
32014 D 0641: Commission Implementing Decision 2014/641/EU of 1 September 2014 on harmonised technical conditions of radio spectrum use by wireless audio programme making and special events equipment in the Union (OJ L 263, 3.9.2014, p. 29).’

APWPT: with this decision, the long-term planning security for PMSE is improved - frequency ranges 823 – 832 MHz & 1785 – 1805 MHz.

…..… Français ……….

Journal officiel de l'Union européenne L 129/42 publie la décision du comite mixte de L'EEE No 58/2015 du 20 mars 2015

Article premier
Le point suivant est inséré après le point 5czi (décision d'exécution 2012/688/UE de la Commission) de l'annexe XI de l'accord EEE:
32014 D 0641: décision d'exécution 2014/641/UE de la Commission du 1er septembre 2014 sur l'harmonisation des conditions techniques d'utilisation du spectre radioélectrique par les équipements audio sans fil pour la réalisation de programmes et d'événements spéciaux dans l'Union (JO L 263 du 3.9.2014, p. 29).»

APWPT: avec cette décision, la sécurité de planification à long terme pour PMSE est améliorée - les gammes de fréquences 823 – 832 MHz & 1785 – 1805 MHz.

Radio band allocated for Video PMSE

(March 08, 2016)

European Commission published a Decision on the Harmonisation of the 2010-2025 MHz Frequency Band for Video PMSE (cordless cameras and video links).

Today's adopted Implementing Decision will support the integration of the internal market for video recording equipment and will provide support to cultural and social events recording. Cordless cameras and their links are mainly used for sport and social events which require mobility of the cameras recording the event, like cycling races and concerts. Member States need to make available this band as early as possible, and no later than six months after the notification date of this decision.
ECs Homepage for Digital Single Market

See also this draft documents:
1) Commission Implementing Decision
2) Annex to the Commission Implementing Decision

Study on 700 MHz Repurposing

(February 23, 2016)

European Commission published the

Study on Economic and Social Impact
of Repurposing the 700 MHz band
for Wireless Broadband Services in the EU

"The purpose of the study is to contribute to the Commission Impact Assessment through the analysis of costs and benefits of various policy options on the use of UHF broadcasting band (470-790MHz), including the 700 MHz band frequency band, in the Union."

The main objectives of the study are:
* Provide quantitative analysis of the transition costs of releasing the 700MHz band for wireless broadband. Such costs include: broadcaster's cost of migration to new technology including broadcasting network reconfiguration (DVB-T2/MPG4 and DVT-T2/HEVC); cost for PMSE industry; cost of consumers to adapt or upgrade TV receiver equipment.

* Assess in quantitative and qualitative terms the socio-economic impact of providing wireless broadband services such as direct and indirect economic effects on growth, employment and competitiveness; the potential for socio-economic benefits resulting from a favourable investment environment for wireless networks; and the societal costs and benefits resulting from improved connectivity and coverage.

* Provide qualitative analysis of the socio-cultural impact of releasing part or the whole UHF band for wireless broadband.
Assess and compare against the baseline of no EU action the outcomes of the analysis in the previous tasks applied to the envisaged policy options for a Union's long-term strategy on the future use of the UHF broadcasting band.

Get further information: Homepage of Smart2015

See also this PDF documents:
Executive Summary DE / APWPT copy [502 KB]
Executive Summary EN / APWPT copy [497 KB]
Executive Summary FR / APWPT copy [502 KB]
Final Report / APWPT copy [1.814 KB] )

See also ECs proposal to coordinate the use of the 700 MHz band for mobile services:
Press release of European Commission / Pressemeldung der Europäischen Komission / Communiqué de presse la commission européenne

PolicyTracker spectrum newsletter July 2015

Telecoms industry alliance to campaign for more 5G spectrum

Jul 06, 2015 by Dugie Standeford

The Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance (NGMN), a global group of major telecoms providers and “co-operation partners” such as 5GPPP, the GSMA and ETSI, plans to push for more spectrum allocation as part of its 5G work programme.

The move worries the programme making and special events (PMSE) sector, which fears that wireless services providers will use their existing spectrum inefficiently and jeopardise PMSE users in the bands. And as UK regulator Ofcom found in a recent consultation on spectrum bands above 6 GHz, there is no consensus yet on which bands might be needed for 5G services.

APWPT is concerned that 5G networks will be built parallel to GSM, UMTS and 4G networks, with substantial waste of spectrum resources

The NGMN Alliance said it would focus on four goals. One is to “ensure continuous contributions to international fora and groups” on its members' spectrum requirements in order to ensure that enough spectrum is allocated for future 5G services. This year, the group will develop its spectrum perspective for WRC-15, and ahead of WRC-19, it will evaluate and study new frequency ranges and bands.

The alliance will also look at business principles for building and underpinning 5G; define technical requirements for enhanced mobile broadband services, vertical industries and 5G security; and address standards, essential patents and the emerging need for software licensing in the mobile industry.

Asked what spectrum NGMN is particularly interested in for 5G, the organisation told PolicyTracker that it supports the use of existing mobile spectrum bands, as well as any that might be newly identified at WRC-15, according to individual operators' requirements.

The alliance has also found a need for spectrum above 6 GHz that can provide wider bandwidths for very high data rates and shorter-range connectivity, and is backing requests for an agenda item at WRC-19 to locate such additional spectrum. No specific candidate bands above 6 GHz have been targeted yet, but the issue is very much under discussion in the NGMN 5G work programme spectrum project, a spokesperson said.

PMSE harmonisation needed

Linear spectrum growth can't support non-linear data growth, said the Association of Professional Wireless Production Technology (APWPT), which speaks for PMSE users. APWPT believes that IMT wireless demand is being overestimated, and that PMSE users should ask for a digital dividend in the IMT spectrum such as a short-term upgrade of 2G and 3G networks to 4G. Only infrastructures based on a small-cell structure will enable the use of high frequencies that can support high data rates and a large capacity, it said.

But 4G development has made several things clear, said APWPT co-president Mathias Fehr. First, wireless providers invest in “connectivity,” which allows mobile phone users to be reachable in an entire area, but only with 2G and 3G. In regions with high capacity requirements such as urban areas, there's a time lag before additional infrastructure upgrading the bands to higher frequencies is deployed.

At the same time, mobile operators tend to invest outside metropolitan areas in small cell infrastructure only in locations with a high return on investment. The companies then continue to use the assets and facilities that have already been written off as long as possible to generate more income.

APWPT is concerned that 5G networks will be built parallel to GSM, UMTS and 4G networks, with substantial waste of spectrum resources, Fehr told PolicyTracker. Efficient spectrum use requires use of the latest technologies, so 4G/5G must be used in all mobile frequency bands, he said.

PMSE users also fear that talk about the use of frequencies below 1 GHz for 5G, and to some extent those above that limit, means that all remaining bands currently available for PMSE will shift to mobile applications in the foreseeable future, Fehr said. The phrase “below 6 GHz” shows that mobile operators will exert massive pressure on regulators and others to allocate spectrum to 5G, he claimed.

Ultimately, PMSE frequencies must be globally harmonised to the largest extent possible, Fehr said. However, any attempts to harmonise PMSE spectrum must consider several principles. It has been shown that the duplex gaps alone are insufficient for PMSE to meet the demands of daily production due to their low bandwidth and partial noise interference. There are currently no plans for how to deal with larger events that take place more and more often with high PMSE demands, and that needs to change, he said.

“No consensus” on which bands to study

Ofcom, which consulted in January on spectrum above 6 GHz for future mobile communications, noted in a 20 April update that “at this stage of 5G development, there is no consensus amongst stakeholders on specific bands to prioritise for further study, with some stakeholders indicating that it is currently too early to exclude any band for study”.

Preliminarily, Ofcom suggested that the 10.125-10.225/10.475-10.575 GHz, 31.8-33.4 GHz, 40.5-43.5 GHz, 45.5-48.9 GHz and 66-71 GHz bands be considered for further study for WRC-19.

Meanwhile, ITU-R Working Party 5D said it had arrived at an overall roadmap for the development of 5G mobile. Members agreed that their work would be conducted under the name “IMT-2020,” as an extension of the existing family of global standards for International Mobile Telecommunication systems which are the basis for the current 3G and 4G systems.

The next step will be to set detailed performance requirements for the radio systems to support 5G, and then to specify the evaluation criteria for assessing candidate radio interface technologies, WP 5D said.



RSPG opinion on on a long-term strategy on UHF

End of 2014 RSPG published this information on their homepage:
A long-term strategy on the future use of the UHF band
(470-790 MHz) in the European Union /

Following the digital switchover of terrestrial broadcasting and the designation of the digital dividend (800 MHz band) for wireless broadband (WBB) in the Union, the remaining UHF TV broadcasting band (‘UHF band’: 470-790 MHz) has become subject to competing demand by existing broadcasting and potential future mobile use due to its inherent advantage for the provision of high-quality, high-capacity and low-cost ECS. Furthermore, the so-called white spaces within this frequency band are widely used by wireless microphones for programme making and special events (PMSE). Also providers of public protection and disaster relief (PPDR) services claim additional harmonised spectrum in the UHF band.

Therefore, the European Commission seeks the advice of the RSPG on the major elements of a strategic policy for the UHF band in the EU with the long-term objective to ensure a sustainable ‘win-win’ situation for the sectors concerned as well as consumer benefits while promoting the single market and fostering EU’s role in global developments. Likely short-term developments in the 700 MHz band need to be taken into account within an integrated approach.

In February 2015 the document RSPG15-595 / (APWPT copy [166 KB] ) was published.

Among others the document states:

Spectrum for PMSE

While the PMSE industry lost access to the 800 MHz band when this was reallocated to mobile services, it is widely recognised that this loss was mitigated. However, a further loss of access to spectrum in the 700 MHz band could have a detrimental impact on the ability of PMSE industry to continue delivering a service. It is important that the spectrum requirements of all stakeholder affected by a change of use of the 700 MHz band are carefully considered. In addition to the loss of 700 MHz, it is also expected that the re-planning of remaining broadcasting services below 700 MHz will further reduce the usability of this remaining band for PMSE. However, the PMSE does not only support the broadcasters, by also plays an important and indispensable role in countless events, be it for cultural, societal or business purposes.

There is a need to find a solution for the continuation of PMSE service delivery. Little headway having been made in the search for alternative frequency bands for PMSE up to now, the RSPG is of the opinion that increased attention should be given to these needs in a timely manner. The RSPG recognises that spectrum requirements for PMSE vary significantly between Member States but notes that new bands above 1 GHz are being explored within CEPT in the context of harmonisation as well as possibilities to use duplex gaps in bands below 1 GHz. In addition Member States should also seek to promote sharing and ensure that licence conditions in bands currently used are as flexible as possible.

We think this is an important statement for audio PMSE – also the result of APWPT and its member’s long term work at CEPT and EU. This has to be continued to find a long-term solution for all PMSE.

European Parliament, Brussels, 28 January 2015

(Press release, 28 January 2015)

Employers and workers call for an industrial policy for Europe’s creative and cultural industries, urge decision-makers to see bigger picture on spectrum

Senior representatives from broadcasting, network infrastructure, trade unions and professional organisations call on EU decision-makers to shape an ambitious industrial strategy for Europe’s creative and cultural industries. Europe’s unique radio and audiovisual model is a huge asset for Europe’s competitive position in the digital world, cultural diversity and media pluralism. Spectrum allocation is one of its key foundations for content production and distribution. Free-to-air TV and radio enable a virtuous cycle of public access, broadcasting and infrastructure innovation, local investments in works and jobs, and diversity of content.

BRUSSELS, 28 January 2015

Meeting in the European Parliament today, senior representatives of AER, APWPT, BNE, EBU, EFJ and UNI MEI called for an industrial strategy for creative and cultural industries based on growth, innovation and jobs.

They urge European policy-makers to adopt a clear vision, strategy and commitments. In doing so, they remind EU policy-makers that the sector is a leader in terms of GDP and jobs as well as Europe’s greatest competitive asset in the global digital race.

The group called on policy-makers to embrace the specificities of the sector as a growth enabler and as a key component of European construction, particularly by putting forward policies that:

* Acknowledge the business, investment and funding models to ensure sustainable levels of efforts and investments by enterprises and workers in production, infrastructure and innovation;

* Uphold the importance of local / national works as supporting employment, diversity and plurality;

* Enshrine guaranteed access to critical resources such as spectrum for services that sustain Europe’s creative and cultural industry.

On spectrum, acknowledging the wisdom of the Lamy report, the Group calls for a comprehensive political approach that recognises the role of free-to-air radio, PMSE and Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT - where the signal is received through a TV aerial) and respects Europe’s ability to continue to create world class content. DTT and radio remain the preferred means by which EU citizens access works and in so doing sustains and finances Europe’s rich cultural diversity and media plurality.

In light of this, the group calls on European policy-makers to make every effort in 2015 to:

1. Position creative and cultural industries at the heart of Europe’s Digital Single Market strategy

2. Guide new and sustain existing investments to increase certainty for employers, employees and the public alike as well as to maintain innovation; because a strong democracy requires quality, plural and diverse content

3. Take decisions on critical resources such as spectrum allocation on the basis of a comprehensive examination of the impact on cultural and creative sector growth and jobs, particularly in forming common positions for EU and global negotiations at the WRC and RSPP

Download: Press Release [749 KB]

Send your questions or comments to:

Workshop Evolution in the Use of the UHF Band

December 12, 2014, European Commission, Brussels

In a “Workshop on Coexistence Challenges of the Evolution in the Use of the UHF Band” a number of organisations presented their view on approaching changes in the UHF-TV band. It should be noted: in APWPT's view with this workshop the European Commission started the public discussion on changes in the 700 MHz band on different level. In 2015 and with view on next WRC this will be intensively discussed in the public.

List of presentations:
* DG CONNECT, Spectrum policy perspective in the UHF band and 700 MHz band
* ECO Overview of CEPT/ECC actions
* EBU, The EBU views
* GSMA, Technical and regulatory best practice
* Digital Europe, Contribution of standards in the 700MHz band and other possible measures
* ORGALIME, Coexistence challenges of the evolution in the use of the UHF band
* Cable Europe, Radio and non-radio services coexistence - A wise and balanced approach
* JWG DD, Activity is in response to EC letter of 13 February 2013..
* Sweden, Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications, The 700 MHz band in Sweden
* France, ANFR, Coexistence challenges of the evolution in the use of the UHF band
* CENELEC, 700 MHz Workshop
* ETSI, Experience of 800 MHz: future perspectives for 700 MHz

EC Link: Coexistence challenges of the evolution in the use of the UHF band

Commission PMSE Implementing Decision

(Brussels, September 1, 2014)

Commission Implementing Decision of 1 September 2014 on harmonised technical conditions of radio spectrum use by wireless audio programme making and special events (PMSE) equipment in the Union published in the Official Journal of the European Union, L 263 / COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 1 September [341 KB]

Décision d'exécution de la Commission du 1er septembre 2014 sur l'harmonisation des conditions techniques d'utilisation du spectre radioélectrique par les équipements audio sans fil pour la réalisation de programmes et d'événements spéciaux dans (PMSE) l'Union publié la Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, L263 / DÉCISION D'EXÉCUTION DE LA COMMISSION du 1er septembre 2014 [347 KB]

Durchführungsbeschluss der Kommission vom 1. September 2014 über harmonisierte technische Bedingungen für die Nutzung von Funkfrequenzen durch drahtlose Mikrofone und vergleichbare PMSE-Audioausrüstungen in der Union veröffentlicht im Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union, L 263 / DURCHFÜHRUNGSBESCHLUSS DER KOMMISSION vom 1. September 2014 [355 KB]

Get further language variants

----- background information -----

End of August 2014 the European Commission published their decission on PMSE spectrum:

The Commission Implementing Decision on spectrum use by wireless audio PMSE (Programme Making and Special Events) harmonises a minimum amount of spectrum across Europe for wireless microphones used at sports events, in concerts or musical theatre productions.

Commission Implementing Decision 2014/641/EU

PMSE Stakeholders' Workshop 2014

(Brussels, February 18, 2014)

The European Commission hold a PMSE Stakeholders Workshop focusing on elements for a possible putting in place of harmonised technical conditions of radio spectrum use by wireless microphones and associated applications for audio PMSE in the European Union.

"In the workshop the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) presented the outcome of the LTE-PMSE coexistence tests performed in Ispra on November 13-15, 2013. The objective of these tests was to verify whether interference from LTE terminals to PMSE equipment operating in the LTE duplex gap can be reduced or eliminated by utilizing LTE picocells operating in a different band.
In the workshop stakeholders had the opportunity to share views and discuss the outcomes of the testing and provide views on the feasibility and potential the costs of introducing picocells in indoor venues such as theatres using wireless audio PMSE equipment."

Get further information on the European Commission Homepage

During this event the European Commission presented "Preliminary elements of the proposal on spectrum harmonization for wireless audio PMSE" (APWPT copy [302 KB] ).

It is suggested to consider the APWPT comments to the EC proposal below:

APWPT comments to the EC proposal

(APWPT, February 28, 2014)

On February 18th, 2014, the European Commission Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology (DG CONNECT) presented its plans for the “Preliminary elements of the proposal on spectrum harmonization for wireless audio PMSE.”

We welcome the latest and continuing initiative from the Commission to assist the PMSE sector to address the problems posed by the introduction of IMT services in the Broadcast Band 470-862 MHz that is traditionally used by PMSE.

The PMSE Industry has been working within CEPT, ITU and ETSI in order to highlight the problems and to search for creative solutions.

Radio spectrum is a scarce natural resource and the European electromagnetic environment is constantly evolving. This requires careful consideration given the broad use of radio spectrum in daily communications whether for individuals or businesses.
APWPT, a member in the European Forum for Spectrum Coexistence (EFSC), aims at preserving the coexistence between devices and services when new radio services are introduced. Its mission is to collectively ensure that any radio spectrum allocation and related policy take into account deployed radio systems and non-radio electronic equipment in order to promote quality connectivity of products and services for European consumers and business.

The proposals produced by the Commission calling for some 30 MHz of clean spectrum for PMSE is only a starting point to address the potential loss of some 168 MHz to IMT services if the 700 MHz band is to be used by IMT. However, the use of IMT duplex gaps and guard bands would only produce a relatively small amount of usable spectrum to benefit PMSE due to the out of-band emissions from IMT equipment. This problem would persist even if IMT out- of-band emissions where reduced.

Whilst the concept of using pico cells to mitigate interference in these bands might be a solution, it poses a number of technical and practical issues: For instance, the question arises to which band the IMT traffic will be off loaded? Currently the 1800 MHz band is common in Europe for mobile handsets, but a shift to this band would transfer the interference from the 800 to the 1800 MHz duplex gap proposed for PMSE. While using the 2.6 GHz band would move the traffic away from PMSE, the time scales for a deployment of handsets and networks in this band remain uncertain.

We attach a range of links to recent documents which provide a better picture of the PMSE use within the EC, also an assessment of the spectrum required to be available on a daily basis for the industry which is some 96 MHz of usable spectrum for normal events.

Given the proposed and existing IMT and GSM-R spectrum allocations, it appears unlikely that any significant amount of spectrum can be found sub 1 GHz unless the aeronautical bands are considered. We thus request urgent consideration of sub 2 GHz spectrum to be studied, including the 1452 - 1559 MHz band identified in the presentation with a view of achieving PMSE access to the spectrum for both indoor and outdoor use. We also request an early identification of the tuning ranges, so that the PMSE manufacturers can start the R&D necessary to build equipment for the use in those bands. It will take approximately 4 - 6 years to develop suitable multi-channel equipment that is ready for this market.

With reference to future technologies: the industry has expended considerable resources in attempting to develop for the future fully cognitive database-controlled systems within the C-PMSE project and the ETSI STF 386, but these systems are unlikely to be market ready earlier than in 5 to 6 years. It should be noted: C-PMSE is a method for the audio quality assurance. It is not a tool that can reduce required radio spectrum for PMSE. However, the aim is that this new technology will ensure future PMSE operations in an increasingly congested and condensed RF spectrum.

We also suggest:

* a review of licensing conditions in order to encourage the use of cognitive radio microphones or new frequency sharing methods inside the event production; see in addition the concept “Creative spectrum” at APWPT homepageStudy of the spectrum available in the 470-694 MHz band during DVB-T2 simulcasting

* after introduction of DVB-T2 a study on the effect on “cleared” UHF-TV spectrum

* after WRC-15 a consideration of its results on the SAB/SAP studies under the WRC-12 Resolution 232, Action Item 1.2

Discussions within ITU-R JTG 4-5-6-7 indicate that a mere "secondary" status of PMSE (instead of a primary status in one or several appropriate band(s)) will not lead to longer-term solutions safeguarding PMSE and content production. The WRC-12 Resolution 232 calls for these "studies and to indicate as quickly as possible, in the process of preparation for WRC 15, the spectrum requirement for the mobile service, the broadcasting service and the other services, in order to determine the options for the frequency band to be allocated to the mobile service, as well as the related channelling arrangements”.

The issues mentioned in this letter are of high significance for the APWPT and it’s members as they will have an immediate impact on the European Creative Industries, content production and its competitiveness. The APWPT is prepared to fully engage with the commission and would be delighted to provide further input on the spectrum identification and the other measures suggested in this letter.

Note: Find a number of references attached in the APWPT letter to EC [281 KB]

European Forum for Spectrum Coexistence (EFSC)

Brussels, 05 November 2013

Coexistence in spectrum policy: the cornerstone for a ‘Connected Continent’

APWPT presidents attend a public hearing at European Parliament, Brussels.

The Web Page “the railway insider” reports:
Coexistence in spectrum policy: the cornerstone for a ‘Connected Continent’ 05/11/2013

European Commission Vice-President Neelie Kroes’ ‘Connected Continent’ proposal offers an opportunity to get future European spectrum policy right on track. The European Forum for Spectrum Coexistence (EFSC) underscores the vital role of coexistence between new and existing radio and fixed equipment to avoid interruption of essential services due to unwanted interference, as discussed today at the European Parliament, in a conference hosted and moderated by MEP Catherine Trautmann.

Harmful interference of new spectrum users with existing radio and fixed services can result not only in lost broadband connections or TV signals, disruption of a live performance, but more importantly in emergency services not being available, and loss of radio signal creating dangerous situations for the railway system or affecting the traffic regularity. It is essential that radio spectrum allocation policy takes into account the potential impact of new radio services on already existing equipment while ensuring that the concept of coexistence is embedded in pan-European thinking.

The EFSC calls upon the European Commission to pursue comprehensive impact assessments on this issue and to provide Member States with clear policy recommendations, in consultation with all concerned stakeholders, in order to ensure high quality connectivity for all consumers and businesses.

MEP Catherine Trautmann commented “Networks govern the lives of the citizens of our modern and connected Europe. A job and growth agenda is nothing without connectivity – whether it is communication networks or transport networks whose safety and reliability are of paramount importance. We are optimists that the ‘Connected Continent’ package contains tools to address not only better connectivity for Europeans, but also to ensure new and existing technologies can work together for a more efficient and integrated Europe.”

CER Executive Director Libor Lochman said: “It is essential that adequate conditions for the coexistence of railway communication devices and public mobile networks (GSM and broadband technologies) are established to ensure safe and uninterrupted train operations in Europe.”

ZVEI Consumer Electronics Division Chairman Hans Wienands pointed out: “The users expect reliable connectivity services, be it at home or while travelling. It is crucial to ensure that next generation smartphones work smoothly next to Connected TV sets, without interference of mobile broadband services and wireless or cable-based broadcast services. Therefore coexistence in a changing electromagnetic environment should be a priority for Europe”.

APWPT Presidents Matthias Fehr and Dré Klaassen highlighted: “While the professional event production is operated for decades in the radio spectrum, it is not asking too much to also ensure that PMSE equipment such as wireless microphones and cameras used to produce the content works free of interference, too.”

More details are available here:

In an intensive discussion APWPT President, Matthias Fehr, pointed out the interference situation to wireless production tools:

"If you live near a highway the noise limits deemed acceptable by car manufactures are irrelevant: it is the actual noise that you hear in your home which counts".
APWPT makes clear, the problem of out-of-band emissions of new spectrum users with existing spectrum users has been not solved - it is increasing.
Example: the 800 MHz duplex gap is intended to compensate the current PMSE spectrum loss. However, current studies show that 4 MHz of this spectrum still suffer from intensive interference from adjacent new spectrum users. In addition 2 MHz are blocked to protect the new spectrum users against microphones.

In addition:

* APWPT president, Dré Klaassen, did not see a coherent connection to coexistence with existing application or services such as PMSE when the representing of the EC DG CNECT Peter Stuckmann made a statement on the Telecom Single Market and introduced the Digital single Market and ICT.

* Pearle's director Anita Debaere pointed out that PMSE was not only of a national matter as many cultural productions travel not only EU wide but tour globally.

Get the press release: Coexistence in spectrum policy: the cornerstone for a ‘Connected Continent’ [152 KB]

See also:

The European Forum for Spectrum Coexistence (EFSC) calls for EU spectrum policy to ensure that radio and non radio deployed equipments are taken into account when the introduction of new radio services threatens balance in the electromagnetic ecosystem:
New Forum Launching to Promote Future-proofing of EU Spectrum Policy [135 KB] (May 2012)

(Updated 02 January 2014)

Digital Agenda For Europe

Brussels, June 2013

Public Workshop on socio-economic aspects of spectrum harmonization for PMSE equipment

The workshop .. carried out the study "Assessment of socio-economic aspects of spectrum harmonization regarding wireless microphones and cordless video-cameras (PMSE equipment)" on behalf of the European Commission. The study covers audio and video Programme Making and Special Event (PMSE) equipment and aims to provide an informed view on options for harmonization of spectrum available for the benefit of wireless microphones and cordless video-cameras.
The study team gave a presentation to share the results of the study with stakeholders.

Get further information here

APWPT Response to the Public Workshop on PMSE

Veuillez trouver ci-dessous la réponse en anglais de l’APWPT au rapport récemment publié par la Commission Européenne au sujet des avantages socio-économiques des PMSE (Micros et caméras sans fil).

Bitte entnehmen Sie dem nachfolgendem Text eine englischsprachige APWPT-Antwort zu dem von der Europeaischen Kommission kürzlich veroeffentlichten Bericht ueber die sozialwirtschaftlichen Vorteile der PMSE (Drahtlose Mikrofone und Kameras).

Please find below the APWPT’s response to the EU’s recenlty-commissioned report on the socio-economica benefits of PMSE (Wireless microphones and cameras).

La respuesta de la APWPT al reportaje publicado recién por la Comisión Europea sobre las ventajas socio-economicas del PMSE (Micrófonos inalámbricos y cámaras).


APWPT response to the "Public Workshop on socio-economic aspects of spectrum harmonization for PMSE equipment"

The method of estimating the socio-economic value of an event by multiplying the average sales value of a radio microphone with the numbers of channels used in the event produces completely misleading information.

To grasp the full socio-economic value of PMSE you need to take into account at least part of the revenues made by productions using PMSE equipment such as:

* Direct sales of equipment

* Direct ticket sales of concerts, sport events and other venues

* Direct revenues of rental companies on the equipment

* The advertising coming from all the events

* The secondary revenue streams of these events (like tourism, hotels, taxis, restaurant and catering industry)

* Indirect revenues from SMS services linked to events (European Song Contest, The voice of…(NL, B, D, UK, etcetera)

* Indirect revenues of IMT providers from the traffic during such events

* Indirect revenues (sometimes lasting even more than 10 years after the event) of recorded material of the events (DVD, Blue Ray, You Tube, Film Industry, etcetera).

Furthermore, one should understand that there are certain values that cannot be quantified, such as the social and cultural cohesion within the European Union which is supported by events, the freedom of speech and newsgathering for which production PMSE are essential tools.
It should be noted that the study of the proposed European Commission policies in the questionnaire did not consider the further erosion of the UHF TV band. It should also be understood that the basic need in dense urban territories within the EU for wireless audio PMSE is 144 MHz of bandwidth within the band 470 MHz up to 1 GHz (CEPT report 32) and for wireless cameras, as much as possible, spectrum between the 2 and 3 GHz is required (in 2007, 700MHz of bandwidth was available for wireless cameras in this band).
The growth in the number of channels used in events is estimated at 10% every year and the growth of data demand (especially on wireless cameras) is similar to that of IT/IMT.

We agree with the comments made by different attendees of the workshop, including official authorities, that the choices available through the online questionnaire did not provide the choices needed for valuable input. Furthermore, the choices given did not reflect the technical and physical characteristics of the different potential and available frequency bands.

What should be understood is that if the 1st and 2nd Digital Dividends are implemented and most events cannot be produced in their current form, then the loss of the above-mentioned socio economic benefits of PMSE would outclass all revenues on IMT auctions. It would be “pennywise-pound-foolish.“
(e.g. London West End revenues due to secondary revenue streams of the musical industry = £0.5 bln annually times 20 years = auctioned off frequencies £10 bln; source BEIRG UK).

We would request that the European Commission acknowledges the importance of the PMSE industry (users in particular) and maintains a focus on a sustainable long-term future that can accommodate the growth of the industry. For this reason we believe that the secondary status of PMSE is an obstacle to a sustainable long-term solution for PMSE.

We strongly believe that the report cannot be used for a good understanding of the socio-economic value of PMSE and the above-mentioned PMSE socio-economic benefits should be considered as far more relevant.

Useful links: The CEPT rep 032 can be found on this web site.

1) Social and economic benefit of European Art, Culture and Creative Industry [1.643 KB]
2) PMSE strategy paper [1.511 KB] Technical report TR 102 546 (not binding APWPT copy [1.209 KB] )



RSPG (April 2013)

Commission Implementing Decision 2013/195/EU defining the practical arrangements, uniform formats and a methodology in relation to the radio spectrum inventory established by Decision No 243/2012/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a multiannual radio spectrum policy programme


RSPG (November 2012)

Request for Opinion on Licensed Shared Access (LSA)

Following the 2011 RSPG Report on collective use of spectrum and other sharing approaches the RSPG work programme foresees an in-depth assessment of the concept of Licensed Shared Access so as to explore the viability of this approach and carry out a consultation amongst EU Member States. In line with the Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP), the Commission supports the specific concept of LSA as one form of sharing and encourages further development in light of incentives and legal certainty.
The planned RSPG Opinion is expected to provide advice to the Commission on:
- the state of implementation and best practices as well as future plans for LSA implementations in Members States
- the main features of an operational Licensed Shared Access (LSA) concept and make recommendations how it could be taken forward to encourage more shared use of spectrum
- the promotion and implementation of the LSA concept at EU level.

Get further information here / (APWPT copy of the RSPG draft document [217 KB] )

See also: APWPT comments on the „RSPG Public Consultation on Licensed Shared Access" [427 KB] (August 2013)


RSPG (March 2012)

Decision 243/2012/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a multi-annual radio spectrum policy programme (RSPP). - Press Release


RSPG (December 2011)

Commission Decision 2011/829/EU amending Decision 2006/771/EC on harmonisation of the radio spectrum for use by short-range devices. - Explanatory document


RSPG (February 2010)

Action of the RSPG in the field of the digital dividend

The switchover from analogue to digital TV broadcasting creates significant spectrum efficiency gains due to the superior transmission capacity of digital terrestrial platforms such as DVB-T in MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 and soon DVB-T2. This strategic investment by broadcasters is therefore allowing releasing a significant amount of spectrum in a relatively similar time frame in Europe in the most valuable UHF band, the band which has "ideal" propagation characteristics for many uses (long reach and good building penetration). This is usually referred to as the "digital dividend" as it results from the "profit" of replacing the analogue technology by a more efficient digital one. In turn, this offers consumers and service providers with a unique opportunity for cheaper, better and wide-ranging services.

Get more here

RSPG Position Paper on the Digital Dividend
(27th April 2009)


RSPG (January 2010)

Public consultation on the draft RSPG Work Programme 2010

The switchover from analogue to digital TV broadcasting creates significant spectrum efficiency gains due to the superior transmission capacity of digital terrestrial platforms such as DVB-T in MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 and soon DVB-T2. This strategic investment by broadcasters is therefore allowing releasing a significant amount of spectrum in a relatively similar time frame in Europe in the most valuable UHF band, the band which has "ideal" propagation characteristics for many uses (long reach and good building penetration). This is usually referred to as the "digital dividend" as it results from the "profit" of replacing the analogue technology by a more efficient digital one. In turn, this offers consumers and service providers with a unique opportunity for cheaper, better and wide-ranging services.

Responses to the Public consultation on the draft RSPG Work Programme 2010


RSPG (December 2009)

Call for public input on the draft RSPG report on Cognitive Technologies

Radio applications may apply cognitive technologies, such cognitive radios have the potential to play an important role, not only in increasing the efficiency of spectrum usage by offering new sharing opportunities, but also in providing more versatility and flexibility to applications as a result of their ability to adapt their operations to external factors. In the longer term cognitiveradio technologies may play a fundamental role in the shift from static spectrum management todynamic spectrum management and access.

Many aspects of cognitive radio technologies, including the business models, are still unclear.This report has the objective to inform policy makers in Europe as early as possible of the discussions and challenges raised by cognitive technologies.

Get the 'Call for public input' here

Get the 'Responses on the Call" here

APWPT’s Comments on the RSPG Report on “Cognitive Technologies” 09-299 [150 KB] (December 2009)

RSPG Report on "COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES" (January 2010) [235 KB] (January 2010)


RSPG, February 2009

Action of the RSPG in the field of the digital dividend: "A unique opportunity for accelerating innovation in wireless communications in Europe"

Get the info page here

APWPT: Comments to the RSPG Opinion RSPG 09-272 [115 KB] (30.06.2009)

RSPG: Responses on the public consultation on the Digital dividend (28.07.2009)