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BroadcastEngineering, 23rd May 2012

Freeview says viewers should not pay for 4G introduction

Mobile operators should meet the full cost of protecting TV channels that suffer interference from new 4G services.
At a parliamentary briefing, DTT platform Freeview called on Government to revise its proposals, calling for clarity on the levels of support being offered to consumers.

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BroadcastEngineering, 21th May 2012

UK fears for DTT over 4G interference

The UK government has admitted that nearly 2 million digital terrestrial households could have their service disrupted by 4G LTE mobile services as they roll out over the next few years.

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PSNEurope, April 3, 2014

Ofcom proposes changes for 700MHz spectrum

Ofcom has laid out its intentions for broadcasting and frequency regulation in the UK..

..Key among the proposals is the potential change of use in the 700MHz band..

..This is already causing concern in the PMSE (programme makers and special events) sector, which relies on spectrum for radio microphones and in-ear monitors (IEMs). The Annual Plan acknowledges these fears and says it hopes to complete a review of PMSE spectrum issues during 2014 or 2015. Another cause of concern for radio mic users and broadcasters alike is the possible introduction of white space devices in the 470-790MHz range.

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Süddeutsche Zeitung

Source: Süddeutsche Zeitung FEUILLETON, Page 15
Publication Date: Saturday, 11 January, 2014, Munich, Bavaria, Germany

Culture Carries a High Price Tag, But Is a Good Investment

France works hard to promote its artists, but also calculates meticulously whether it is worth all the expense and effortRight up to the present day, muse and money have always given one another the cold shoulder. But perhaps they are not as incompatible as Thomas Mann’s portrayal of the flute-playing, sober businessman Johann Buddenbrook and his commercially incompetent, piano-playing, great-grandchild Hanno, although most often culture and business fit together only with a painful groan when it comes to the bottom line.
One is the insatiable petitioner of the other - at least it appears that way.

Therefore it is notable to consider that culture is capable of bringing economic value, creating jobs and revitalizing regional economies. These insights are found in the book, "The Warhol Economy and have their roots in the Anglo-Saxon world of liberal market forces; a few years ago New York led the way and boosted its economy as a whole through music, art and fashion, as die France as well, a strong believer in centralized government.

A jointly issued report from the Ministries of Culture and Finance in Paris argues with a cascade of facts, figures and statistics that culture is proportionally a heavyweight in the French economy.The extent of the financial benefits has been regionally noticed and repeated. A negative example is the shock ten years ago with the short-notice cancelation of the Avignon Theatre Festival, or a positive example is found in the success of the recently completed European Capital of Culture Program in Marseille which had an increase of 2 million more tourists over the previous year. The proof is in the numbers found in the report from the Ministries.

In 2011, directly and indirectly, culture created an added value of 57.8 billion euro, i.e. a result of 3.2 percent of total added value; as an economic factor this made culture practically equal to agriculture and well ahead of the chemical or the auto industry. In addition to 670, 000 jobs in the culture sector, there are 200,000 more jobs exist in ancillary industries.

The total amount of state cultural expenditures through subsidies and tax relief is a little over 13.9 billion euro, supplemented by 7.6 billion euro from regional expenses.

Even if the basis for calculating such surveys is questionable, the balance is clearly positive and the preconception of culture with an eternally outstretched empty hand begging for alms is clearly obsolete.Culture has recently been re-discovered to be a social agent binding people together, an eye-catching element in regional competition and an attractive factor contributing to a higher quality of life. However, this new suit of clothes from the rough and tumble world of economics is still a bit of an awkward fit.

"How many infantry units does culture have?" - The question, a play on Stalin's alleged statement about the Vatican, was jokingly asked two months ago at a meeting in Avignon. The event was staged by "Forum d' Avignon ", a think tank established in 2008 for networking between culture and economy in the context of digital production and various forms of reception and consumption.

The critique from those within the cultural industry in the name of “true” culture is outdated, according to a study done for Forum d' Avignon by the Paris-based consulting firm "Louvre Alliance": without batting an eye, cultural production has become dependent on its commercial performance is a normal development and should be welcomed as such.

The problem, as seen within the circle of uninhibited cultural management, not in the commercial logic in itself, rather as if the culture is being devoured by an economic technology in which participants in both public and private sectors think only of tax rates, market share and investment plans.

If culture delivers so self-assuredly to the market on its economic potential, according to the study, it runs the risk of being swallowed up by it - as if the very professionals of the private cultural management today would want to cool the enthusiasm of cultural politics.They are not the only ones who think so.

A few years ago, the philosopher Bernard Stiegler claimed that soon a system of “cultural & knowledge capitalism” will have been established itself at the start of the 21st century, which, in truth, is a sort of industrial populism, with the aim of creating a pure reflex out of our consciousness.

He had in mind the addictively quick stimuli, the click behavior of the new culture that another philosopher, Giorgio Agamben, described as a form of "obey the command".

Although wallowing in some well-worn clichés from Marxist terminology, a recently published anthology, "Oser la culture" (“Culture Dare”), features Mr. Stiegler arguing for a "new political economy of the spirit."

The marketing of the spirit with a fast-falling share price, predicted by Paul Valéry in 1939, could now best be counteracted by means provided by the culture industry in the digital domain, the author writes. In his opinion, that does not mean that all composers, painters and screenwriters should now be constantly sitting in front of a computer, however, it does indicate that they should align and direct their work to the recently-invented subversive forms of reception.The essence of cultural life cannot be captured in numbers as a raw material

Olivier Le Guay, spokesman for the "Forum d' Avignon", agrees with this statement. Digital mass consumption, he explains, as promoted by the culture industry does not eventually lead to a standardization of demand at the expense of cultural diversity.

He sees a confirmation for this point of view in the most recent statistics from the American film production industry he finds that new fields are opening up between the mass and the niche markets. Of the top one hundred films, market share for top 10 blockbuster films decreased in the last ten years by 7 percent, while the films ranked 11 through 100 grew by 44 percent.

Parallel to this development is the dissolution of the boundary between receptive and participatory culture behavior. According to Mr. Le Guay, digital cultural consumers - 54 percent in India, 29 percent in the U.S., and 27 percent in Germany - are those most willing to be creative with the downloaded content itself, respectively 20, 11 and 8 percent. This brings us back to the numbers.

These numbers express a truth that is enlightening; the mind itself is a raw material of cultural life which cannot be quantified.

How is the knowledge that cultural industry production, estimated worldwide to be at $ 2.7 billion, over 6 percent of global GDP, helpful? Or that a country such as China increases its public cultural annual budget by 23 percent?

The population is not therefore necessarily more civilized, subtler or more intelligent.

France saved its film industry with differentiated statistics and purposeful cultural policy, in doing so it demonstrates how it intends to support its video games production in a global market, not to mention how to make an impression with the Louvre in Abu Dhabi and with the Centre Pompidou in Saudi Arabia. The revenue for video game production in France amounts to 4.8 billion euro, almost ten times as much the classic export industry of fashion.

It is more than just with statistics that France has demonstrated its commitment to establishing itself as a cultural counter-weight, attached to this sector is also the symbolic importance for its own economic and political self-awareness.

Joseph Hanimann

© Süddeutsche Zeitung GmbH, München.
Courtesy of (Süddeutsche Zeitung Content).

APWPT: Thank you to the publisher and the author!


TVBEurope, 5th March 2009

Ofcom claims economy boost

Ofcom says its plans to re-align the main 'Digital Dividend' spectrum will be worth at least £2-3bn to the UK economy over the next 20 years..

"The UK invented the concept of a Digital Dividend, but it is clear that the rest of Europe is now focusing on the 800MHz band, which is different to our original plans," said Matthew Conway...

Clearing the 800MHz band - the 72MHz of spectrum from 790MHz to 862MHz also known as channels 61 to 69 - will mean further disturbance for PMSE (programme-making and special events) wireless link users.

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Pro Sound News

Pro Sound News December 2008:
New spectrum threat for UK PMSE

Pro Sound News January 2009:
The spectrum saga / Alternative link

Rethink Wireless

Rethink Wireless 10th May 2012

Even a few small cells can boost capacity
The Small Cell Forum was tapping into the enthusiasm, publishing a report which analyzes the role public access small cells could play in easing capacity and coverage constraints. The research was keen to stress that small cell zones would not necessarily require huge numbers of base stations from day one, often a deterrent factor cited by operators.

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Rethink Wireless 23rd July 2010

Qualcomm confirms it will exit MediaFLO

Qualcomm has confirmed that it is looking to exit its MediaFLO mobile TV venture, which has not lived up to heady expectations. The chip giant acquired 700MHz spectrum in the US to build a wholesale TV network, used by several carriers to deliver broadcasts to mobile devices. But results have been less impressive than Qualcomm had hoped, and plans to diversify into new geographies, and new applications like general content delivery, have borne little fruit.

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Rethink Wireless, 18th May 2010

AT&T reverses 'straight-to-LTE' strategy

As Verizon released videos as the first step in its marketing run-up to LTE services, AT&T did a U-turn on its own next generation strategy, and now plans to implement HSPA+. Previously, the telco had planned to upgrade its nationwide W-CDMA footprint to the 7.2Mbps version of HSPA, and then skip straight to LTE for mobile broadband from 2011. Now it will deploy 14.4Mbps HSPA+ too.

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